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About solar lighting   March 2023

 

How to evaluate the quality of a lighting system?

 

Lighting is a central element of public space. It plays several key roles: increasing the visibility of a place; improving the safety of neighborhoods, roads and streets; enhancing sites or emphasizing the architecture of buildings.

Eclairage public solaire d'un parc protégé au Mexique

Lighting, a central element of public space

 

To be perfectly adequate, public lighting must be efficient and provide no-glare eye comfort while abiding to existing codes and specifications. It also has to match with environmental requirements to be compatible with sustainable development policies.

 

The inherent qualities of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) have positioned them on the vanguard of public lighting: they are efficient, deliver a great light source and last longer than any other light emitting technology. But what makes « lighting quality »? Let’s review the fundamentals of light measuring.

 

How is light measured?

 

Photometrics – the science of light measurement – relies on a set of different units.

 

LUMEN (lm): an amount of lumen specifies the quantity of light emitted by a light source. Lighting efficiency is derived from this amount by confronting it to the amount of energy required to generate it. Usually, it’s the amount of lumen per watt (lm/W) that is considered. It is crucial on autonomous lighting technologies.

 

LUX (lx): the unit of illuminance, measuring luminous flux per unit area. It is equal to one lumen per m2. In photometry, this is used as a measure of the intensity, as perceived by the human eye.

 

CANDELA (cd): the base unit of luminous intensity perceived by the human eye that is, luminous power per unit solid angle emitted by a point light source in a particular direction. It varies according to the nature and color of the lighted surface and is particularly important when lighting a road or paving.

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KELVIN (K): measures the temperature of the color of a light source. A 5700K source is a cold white, a 4000k is considered a neutral white and a 3000k is a « hot » white.

 

-> Each country has its own set of rules and requirements for public lighting. Its impact on biodiversity may for example be mitigated by the restriction to some parts of the spectrum or specific colors (K temperatures).

 

 

 

Criterias evaluating the quality of public lighting

 

Quality lighting is, for the most part, smart lighting. To be efficient, light has to be more than a presence. It must be finely tuned to deliver the right amount at the right time to enhance the general perception of volumes, colors and spaces. When this is done, both crisp shadows and clear vision emerges without excessive glaring or undesired reflections.

 

Two parameters help specify the quality of lighting: the ​lighting performance (in lx or cd depending on the application) and its ​uniformity (U0) ratio based on the least lighted point to the average lighting of a zone.

 

-> The conjunction of those two parameters define and secure great visibility on a specified zone with the best possible contrast perception by its users.

 

 

 

 

Avoiding bad practices

 

Poor uniformity or low lighting performance can result from a wrong selection of optics or a bad positioning of some of the lamp posts. A great lighting requires a true knowledge of all the fixed and variable parameters involved. The alternance between well lit and dark portions of a road – poor uniformity – is a real danger for motorists as it induces visual fatigue.

 

A good uniform lighting is also added security and comfort for all sidewalk users as it reduces stress and anxiety. Measuring the full visual impact of a specific lighting installation may require extra values such as glaring levels.

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Quality lighting has to be sustainable and reliable

 

Usual technical quality criterias are joined in the equation with more sensible notions such as quality of life, environment protection, eco-friendly development and limited energy consumption. Public bodies such as the french association for lighting – l’Association Française de l’Eclairage (AFE) – advocate for a « just » public lighting that delivers the right amount of persistent light required to visually perform the tasks intended in a specified space or eone.

 

-> This is why solar lighting is now the solution of choice for municipalities and the public sector that take action in favor of renewable energy transition.

 

Today’s solar lamp posts are a serious way to reduce energy consumption therefore reducing lighting’s carbon footprint and impacting positively light pollution. In some cases, solar lamp posts can also greatly help with the BBC / LEED classification of buildings.

 

Today’s solar lamp posts have reached and surpassed the performance and durability of traditional lighting systems. They satisfy all criterias of superior lighting while anticipating the future requirements of sustainable development.

Based on renewable energy, smart solar street lights are an effective way to control energy consumption, reduce the carbon footprint of lighting, and limit light pollution.

 

-> In some cases, the use of solar streetlights can also help to earn points towards the BBC / LEED rating of buildings.

 

Resistant and long-lasting, solar street lights meet both the quality criteria of traditional lighting, in compliance with the standards in force, and the imperatives of sustainable development.

 

 

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